Birth: 17 July 1855

Place or Registered Place of Birth: 24 Henrietta Street, Cavendish Square, London, Middlesex

Baptism: 9 August 1855

Place of Baptism: All Souls, Saint Marylebone, London, Middlesex

Death: 8 May 1926 - Aged 70

Place or Registered Place of Death: Furzedown, Limpsfield, Surrey

Date of Burial: 12 May 1926

Place of Burial: Limpsfield, Surrey

Father: James Paget

Mother: Lydia North

Spouse(s): Eleanor Mary Burd

Date of Marriage: 17 September 1885

Place or Registered Place of Marriage: Place


Eleanor Katherine Paget (1888-)
Dorothea Mary Paget (1890-1931)


Oxford University Alumni
Paget, Stephen, 4s. James, of London, baronet. Christ Church, matric. 16 Oct., 1874, aged 19; exhibitioner 1876-80, B.A. 1878, M.A. 1886, F.R.C.S.

The Times - September 22, 1885
On Thursday, the 17th Sept., at St. Mary's Church, Shrewsbury, by the Rev. Francis Paget, Canon of Christ Church, Oxford, assisted by the Rev. Canon Lloyd and the Rev. Prebendary Burd, Stephen Paget, F.R.C.S., of 57, Wimpole-street, London, son of Sir James Paget, Bart., to Eleanor Mary, daughter of Edward Burd, M.D., of Newport House, Shrewsbury.

The Times - May 10, 1926
We regret to announce that Mr Stephen Paget, the distinguished surgeon and essayist, brother of the Bishop of Chester, died on Saturday at Limpsfield, at the age of 70. He was founder of the Research Defence Society, and the biographer of Sir Victor Horsley, of Sir James Paget, of Canon Scott. Holland,- and (with Mr Crum) of his brother, the late Bishop of Oxford. The funeral will be at Limpsfield on Wednesday at 3 o'clock.

The Times - May 20, 1926
Mr. Stephen Paget
Biographer and Essayist
Mr. Stephen Paget, whose death has been briefly announced in The Times, was the fourth son of Sir James Paget, the distinguished surgeon, and brother of the present Bishop of Chester. He was born on July 17, 1855. Educated at Shrewsbury School, Christ Church, Oxford, where he took classical honours, and St. Bartholomew's Hospital, he practised for many years as a surgeon, serving on the staffs of the Middlesex, Metropolitan, and West London Hospitals. But his real metier was literature, and in 1910 he retired from regular practice and devoted himself to literary work and to the defence of scientific research.

Mr. Paget will be remembered as a truthful and discriminating biographer and a fine essayist. His "Memoirs and Letters of Sir James Paget" is still, after more than 20 years, constantly quoted in medical circles. In his Life of Sir Victor Horsley he dealt honestly with a difficult character, doing the fullest justice to Horsley's great qualities and scientific achievements without allowing himself to be harnessed to the political cars which his subject had at times driven with misdirected energy. He also wrote, with the Rev. J. M. C. Crum, the life of his brother, Francis Paget, Dean of Christ Church and Bishop of Oxford, a book which, if it gives a picture of the unattainable to most of those who have already entered upon life's work, is an inspiration for all whose courses are not yet set. It would be an ideal volume for. a school prize if only school prizes were read by their recipients instead of being preserved as ornaments in glass bookcases. This was followed in 1921 by a memoir and letters of Canon Scott Holland.

But it is on his work as an essayist that Stephen Paget's reputation. will perhaps find its securest foothold. He possessed almost every quality which is demanded by the discerning critic. His style was natural, and founded, as all literary style should be, on a well-stored mind in which the classical literature of Greece and Rome, as well as that of the language in which he wrote, held the largest place. Behind a charming familiarity with his readers, at times very reminiscent of Thackeray, lay a sound knowledge of the world, abounding sympathy, and humanity in its best and sanest mood. The most successful of his books was "The Young People," followed by “Confessio Medici," "Essays for Boys and Girls," "I Sometimes Think," and "I Have Reason to Believe." Among his earlier works were "John Hunter" and "Ambroise Paré and His Times."

In 1908 Mr. Paget founded the Research Defence Society. As its honorary secretary he conducted a vigorous campaign against the misrepresentations of those who not only question the right of human beings to save their own lives by means of experiments on animals, under whatever restrictions, but in some cases even deny that such experiments have been necessary in order to produce the results claimed for them by science. Under Mr. Paget's guidance the effort attracted powerful support, for he was no ordinary agitator; Lord Lister had written art introduction to his "Experiments on Animals," and the society, which exercised much influence on public opinion, was able to enlist under its standard many eminent laymen, among them being the late Lord Cromer.

Incidentally Mr. Paget was an active critic of the faith and work of Christian Science; and of the numerous letters from his pen which have appeared in our own columns his defence of vaccination and his opposition to the proposed Pylon as a national war memorial will be remembered. In the early days of the war, when great prejudice against inoculation for typhoid existed among soldiers, he helped, by means of illustrated lectures, to dispel ignorance on the subject; he also went to Russia as surgeon to Lady (Muriel) Paget's hospital in Petrograd. These activities, however, broke his health, and he retired to the country. He married in 1885 Eleanor Mary, daughter of Dr. Edward Burd, and leaves two daughters.

Those privileged to enjoy Stephen Paget's personal friendship will mourn the loss of a delightful and very lovable companion, one who drank the wine of life as a gentleman, thankful if the vintage were sound, tolerant of other men's tastes, and holding to conviction without intruding a strong religious feeling which was the keystone of his character.

Stephen Paget (1855-1926), an English surgeon who first proposed the "seed and soil" theory of metastasis.

Stephen Paget (1855-1926) was an English surgeon, the son of the distinguished surgeon and pathologist Sir James Paget, who has been long credited with proposing the "seed and soil" theory of metastasis, even though in his paper “The Distribution Of Secondary Growths In Cancer Of The Breast”, The Lancet, Volume 133, Issue 3421, 23 March 1889, Pages 571-573, he clearly states “…the chief advocate of this theory of the relation between the embolus and the tissues which receive it is Fuchs…”. The paper by Fuchs is “Das Sarkom des Uvealtractus”, Wien, 1882. Graefe's Archiv für Ophthalmologie, XII, 2, p. 233. In his paper, Paget presents and analyzes 735 fatal cases of breast cancer, complete with autopsy, as well as many other cancer cases from the literature and argues that the distribution of metastases cannot be due to chance, concluding that although “the best work in pathology of cancer is done by those who… are studying the nature of the seed…” [the cancer cell], the “observations of the properties of the soil" [the secondary organ] "may also be useful”...


1861 Census:

1, Harewood Place, St Georges Hanover Square, Westminster
Francis Paget - Son - 10 - Scholar
Henry Luke Paget - Son - 7 - Scholar
Stephen Paget - Son - 5 - Scholar
Mary Maud Paget - Daughter - 8 Months

1871 Census:

School Lane The Schools, St Mary, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
Stephen Paget - Pupil - 15
Henry L. Paget - Pupil - 17

1881 Census:

1, Harewood Place, St George Hanover Square
James Paget - Head - Married - 67 - Surgeon F.R.C.S. England - Yarmouth
Lydia Paget - Wife - 66 - London
John R. Paget - Son - Single - 33 - Barrister - London
Stephen Paget - Son - 25 - Student of Medicine - London
Mary Maud Paget - Daughter - Single - 20 - London

1891 Census:

57, Wimpole Street, St Marylebone
Stephen Paget - Head - 35 - Surgeon, Duly Registered - Marylebone
Eleanor Mary Paget - Wife - 36 - Shrewsbury, Shropshire
Eleanor K. Paget - Daughter - 3 - Marylebone
Dorothea M. - Daughter - 1 - Marylebone

1901 Census:

70, Harley Street, St Marylebone
Stephen Paget - Head - 45 - Surgeon
Eleanor M. Paget - Wife - 46
Eleanor K. Paget - Daughter - 12
Dorothea M. Paget - Daughter - 11

1911 Census:

21 Ladbroke Square W., London
Stephen Paget - Head - Married 25 years - 55 - Surgeon - Marylebone, London
Eleanor Mary Paget - Wife - 56 - St. Clare, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
Dorothea Mary Paget - Daughter - Single - 21 - Marylebone, London

Stephen Paget, M.C., F.R.C.S.