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The Paget Family

James Meredith & Alfred Jukes

"A Tale of Two Portraits"

Much of the information below is by courtesy of Keith Winters

The two portraits had been passed down through the Jukes family in Australia. Pam Clark (nee Jukes), now 83 years of age, had inherited them from her father Frederick Jukes. Frederick had been presented with the portrait of James Meredith in 1926. Frederick was born in Warrnambool in Victoria.

Pam sold the portraits to Goodwood House Antiques in Perth, Western Australia in 2007. They were purchased from Goodwood House Antiques in the same year and are now with the present owner in Busselton, Western Australia.

James Meredith

James Meredith's grandparents were Josiah Meredith (born about 1655) and Anne Whitcott who were married on 21 December 1699 at Lingen in Herefordshire. Josiah was buried on 19 March 1706 at Lingen in Herefordshire. They had at least four children, Mary, born about 1700 and baptised on 11 June of that year. David, born about 1702, John, born in 1704 and baptised on 18 April of that year, and Thomas born about 1655. Thomas was buried 19 March 1706. The second son, John, married Elizabeth in 1731 and they had nine children, only two of whom survived to majority, and even those two died prematurely.

One of the sons of Josiah was David Meredith, James' father. David was born in Lingen, Herefordshire about 1702 and baptised on 3 May of that year. David was married to Sarah Owens on 30 November 1727. They were also married at Lingen. (IGI) David died on 8 February 1781 aged 79 years and was buried three days later on 11 February. His wife Sarah died on 14 April 1794 aged 88 years. David and Sarah had twelve children. Sarah (1728-1810), Anne (1730-1741), David (1732-1803), Margaret (1733-), Samuel (1735-1807), John (1738-), Thomas (1740-1741), Anne (1742-1743), Joseph (1744-1814), Hannah (1746-), Mary (1748-), and the youngest, James (1753-1848).

The following are some reminiscences by a Miss Carter of Maulden on 11th August 1855 and recounted by a third party (unknown). Miss Carter was the daughter of  Joseph Carter and Margaret Meredith who were married 18 April 1760 in Brampton Bryan and granddaughter of David Meredith of Lingen, Herefordshire. Miss Carter was presumable the cousin of the writer who was one of the children of James Meredith of Brampton Bryan.

“A few reminiscences of the Meredith family, stated by Miss Carter of Maulden, granddaughter of Mr. Meredith of Brampton Bryan, Herefordshire. August 11th 1855.

Miss Carter had frequently heard that her grandfather’s family were descended in a direct line (from) the Prince of Wales. Her grandfather and his brother were left orphans. Miss Carter thinks the eldest inherited property, but the youngest (her grandfather) had nothing, and the uncle who had charge of them neglected their education, but Miss Carter’s grandfather educated himself and (most) remarkably well. He was an intelligent clever man, and much liked by his neighbour Lord Oxford who frequently asked him to dine with him. Upon one occasion Lord Oxford met him and invited him to the Hall, but her grandfather said he must decline the invitation and wished to be excused as he was not dressed for dinner; but his Lordship replied: ‘I look at the man and not at his coat and you must come home with me’. He lived at Pedwardine Herefordshire and had twelve children. Our father James Meredith, who afterwards came to Birmingham was the seventh son.”

The reference in the Carter-Meredith document to a friendship between David Meredith Sr. and Lord Oxford (whose surname was Harley and who was Lord of the Manor at Brampton Bryan) seems to concern a Ralph Meredith ca. 1710-1720. This is probably the Ralph who the IGI shows was the father of 5 children, Anne (1684), Thomas (1687), Jane (1690), Elanor [sic] (1693), and Ralph (1695) by his wife Ellinor. Ralph would thus be the uncle who had charge of David and his brother and who the note mentions as neglecting their education. This would make Ralph Sr. the brother of Josiah Meredith who married Anne Whitcott which the evidence supports was the father of David Meredith.

James Meredith was born, the youngest of twelve children, at Brampton Bryan, Hereford, on 20 February 1753 (The Intellectual Repository) and baptised there on 2 March 1753 (IGI) (the year of birth appears on the verso of the portrait). James moved from Herefordshire to Birmingham when he was twenty-one years of age. He died at his home at 17 Colmore Row, Birmingham on 9 March 1848. (Obituary - June 1848 issue of The Intellectual Repository and New Jerusalem Magazine).

Inscribed on verso of the portrait of James Meredith are:

a. “James Meredith (father of Sarah, wife of Alfred Jukes MRCS) Born in Herefordshire 1753; died in Birmingham 1848”.

b. “Presented to Frederick Jukes 1926

James Meredith's obituary appeared in The Intellectual Repository and New Jerusalem Magazine of the New Church of 1848. The New Church was one of the dissenting churches in Birmingham in the late eighteenth century. James was one of the founders of the New Church in Birmingham and leader of its Swedenborg Society. At the time of the 1841 census, James senior (aged 88) was living with his son, also James, at 17 Colmore Row, Birmingham with two servants. (See Census extract below). When he died in 1848, he was 96 years old.

James met his wife Sarah (Sally) Rhodes Mather at the home of her parents, Dr. John Mather and Lydia Crookes, in Wolverhampton in 1796 when he was visiting there in company with several other members of the New Church. Sarah was born on 16 June 1766 in Leicester and was baptised there on 2 July 1766 at Saint Martin. James married Sarah on 25 April 1797 at St. Peter in Wolverhampton by special license. At that time James was 44 years of age and had not been previously married. His wife Sarah pre-deceased him on 4 July 1824.

1841 Census

 

 

Surname)

 

First Name

 

Sex

 

Age

 

Occupation

 

Where Born

 

 

 

MEREDITH

 

James

 

M

 

88

 

Independent 

 

Outside Census County (1841)

 

 

 

 

 

MEREDITH

 

James

 

M

 

43

 

Independent 

 

Warwickshire

 

 

 

 

 

FODEN

 

Hannah

 

F

 

47

 

Servant 

 

Outside Census County (1841)

 

 

 

 

 

SHAW

 

Mary

 

F

 

20

 

Female Servant 

 

Warwickshire

 

 

 

The children of James and Sarah Meredith were:

1. James b. 1 Mar 1798
2. Sarah b. 7 Apr 1799
3. John b. 15 Apr 1800
4. David b. 5 Apr 1802
5. Samuel b. 25 Dec 1803
6. Joseph b. 31 Jul 1805
7. Benjamin b. 17 Oct 1806
8. Thomas b. 26 Mar 1809

The children were Christened at Summer Lane, Formerly New Hall Street New Jerusalemite, Birmingham. This appears to have been a Swedenborgian church.

James Meredith, the eldest son, matriculated on 31 May 1813 aged 15. He died unmarried. Samuel Meredith matriculated on 26 May 1843 aged 39. He also died unmarried. They were both at St. Alban Hall, Oxford University. Sarah Meredith, the only daughter married Alfred Jukes (See below) on 7 Apr. 1825 at St. Martin, Birmingham and left two sons and one daughter. (Date confirmed on the label verso of the portrait of Alfred Jukes.) Joseph Meredith, the fifth son was reported in the 1851 England Census as a Surgeon Dentist (age 45) living at 5 Lee Crescent, Edgbaston, with wife Ellen (44), the children, who were all born in Canada were Winifred (10), Sarah (8), James, (6), Emily (4), Alfred (2), sister Sarah Jukes, widow (51), Sarah Elizabeth Jukes (25) (Another son Joseph was born circa 1852). In the 1901 Census son Alfred was a Bedding Manufacturer, married to Annie with children Alfred (26), Annie M. (23) and Edith (19).

Several sources refer to a varnish manufacturing business in Birmingham registered at various times as Meredith & Clinton, Meredith, Clinton & Lawrence (1830) and Meredith & Co.(Holden's Directory of Birmingham for 1803). The business had been founded by a John Meredith about 1780. Research suggests that 'John Meredith' was probably the older brother of James Meredith, who was born in 1739. Ownership of the business subsequently passed to James, possibly because John had no issue. The Meredith interest in the partnership then passed to three of James' sons. A partnership dissolution (and probably a reconstitution) was reported in the Morning Chronicle for Saturday 17 January 1829 and marks the point at which James, senior, retired from the company:

"......James Meredith, senior, James Meredith, junior, John Meredith, Samuel Clinton and Samuel Lawrence, of Birmingham, varnish makers, (so far as regards James Meredith, senior)"

A document of insurance is retained at the National Archives. In it is mentioned "James Meredith, John Meredith and Samuel Meredith, 29 Great Queens Street, Lincolns Inn Fields, dealers in varnish". Here the three gentlemen named in the document would almost certainly have been James' three sons. In the 1841 Census, John Meredith (aged 40) was described as a varnish maker. In the 1871 Census, Samuel Meredith was described as a varnish manufacturer and in an earlier Census (1851) was living at the Birmingham premises of Meredith et al & Co. at 107-108 Lionel Street. In the Birmingham Directory of 1839, John and Samuel Meredith were described as varnish makers of 107 Lionel Street. And finally in the Will of Jane Walker Meredith (John Meredith's widow) which was proved 23 Nov 1855, mention is made of the varnish manufacturing business at 107 and 108 Lionel Street. Birmingham and 29 Great Queens Street, Lincolns Inn Fields [London]. So it would seem clear (excuse the pun) that the varnish manufacturing partnership was established by John Meredith and others and that his interest in the business passed to his brother James and then to three of James' sons, James, junior, John and Samuel. By the time of the 1861 Census, it was recorded that James' grandson, John Meredith's son, George Frederick Meredith was a varnish manufacturer. By the 1861 Census, George Frederick's brother, Conway, was at 107 Lionel Street and was the manager of varnish manufactory. By 1871, it was recorded in the Census for Wales, that Conway was the manager at the Pembrey copperworks. The copperworks had been established by the Elkington family in 1849. Conway's sister Margaret was married to James Balleney Elkington.

Go to Keith Winters' excellent web page, Meredith of Herefordshire, a substantial suite of web pages, family trees and narratives dedicated to the Meredith, Jukes, and many other associated families. The Tasmanian branch of Meredith genealogy is of particular interest to Australian researchers and focusses on Louisa Anne Meredith who was an accomplished writer, artist, botanist and naturalist. As an early settler, Louisa Anne was one of the first women to write a description of life in the early colony of Tasmania.

Alfred Jukes F.R.C.S.

Alfred Jukes was the son of John Jukes (born about 1756 at Bordesley, Staffordshire) and Elizabeth Mansfield (born about 1759 and baptised in Bushbury, Staffordshire). Alfred was the grandson of Joseph Jukes (born about 1731) and great grandson of Richard Jukes (born about 1710).

Very little is known about Richard Jukes - he had at least three children. The eldest son, conforming with the family naming conventions, was also Richard, born and baptised about 1729. There was also a daughter, Elizabeth, who was baptised on 5 January 1734. Joseph Jukes, Alfred's grandfather, was born about 1730 and baptised on 20 April 1731. All three children were baptised at the John Street Presbytarian Church in Wolverhampton. Joseph died in October 1811 ( The British Controversialist and Literary Magazine 1869 p.85 & Jackson's Oxford Journal, Saturday, October 19, 1811, Issue 3051)

Joseph Jukes was a plater/button manufacturer and owned a company known as Messrs. Jukes & Pitt, and later as Jukes, Son & Pitt of Easy Row, Birmingham. He was listed as a plater of 20 Paradise Row, Birmingham, in the Birmingham, Wolverhampton, Walsall, Dudley, Bilston and Willenhall Directory, or, Merchant and Tradesman's Useful Companion, Birmingham about 1774 and again in the same publication about 1780. The Jukes family, in common with the Meredith family, were members of the dissenting church. It was reported that during the Birmingham riots of 1791, the house of Joseph Jukes, as well as those of Joseph Priestley and others, were burned and destroyed by rioting mobs. However, Joseph's great-great-grandson, Bernard M. Allen, with his great-great-grandfather's maunuscript account of the Riots, tells a somewhat different story. Joseph was a very shrewd man, and he took certain steps to help preserve his house from the mob. He firstly removed all of the furniture from the house, he left money with those guarding the house to "bribe" the mob and lastly he left copious quantities of ale in conspicuous positions for the rioters to consume. Joseph himself suggested that there may have been another factor which might have assisted in preserving his house from damage or destruction - that in a public role he had demonstrated, on more than one occasion, his willingness to provide relief from the public funds for the poor and needy. Joseph was a friend of William Hutton, the "English Franklin". Joseph died at his house in Bordesley at 81 years of age in 1811.

Alfred's father, John Meredith, inherited the button manufacturing business from his father, Joseph. In Wrightson's Triennial Directory of 1818 he was described as a plater and button manufacturer of New Street, Birmingham. In a poll in 1820, John was listed as a Freeholder of Warwickshire. John married Elizabeth Mansfield of Bushbury, Staffordshire in February 1782. They had at least ten sons and two daughters, at least three of whom, died in infancy. All the children were baptised at the New Meeting House, Moor St. Unitarian Church in Birmingham. The eldest, a daughter was named Elizabeth. Elizabeth was born on 7 December 1782 - she married Clement Ingleby on 9 May 1812 at St. Martin, Birmingham. Clement was a well-known solicitor, who became well-respected because of his work in connection with the construction of canals and railways at that time. The eldest son was Joseph Jukes - he was born on 17 November 1783 and died before May 1820 (see below). The next child was William Mansfield Jukes born during 1784 and baptised on 17 September of that year - he died about two weeks later on the 3 October. The next child was John Jukes - he was baptised on 10 October 1785 and survived for less than two weeks - he died on 21 October. Then they had another child, also called John - he was baptised on 20 November 1786. He married Sophia Beete on 8 January 1811 - they had four children, one of whom, Joseph Beete Jukes was to become the well known geologist - John died prematurely on 24 April 1819 aged 32.. John junior, continued the button manufacturing business when his father retired until his early death. Jane Jukes, the sixth child, was born on 14 May 1787 and baptised on 10 August 1791 - she died during the September quarter of 1873. The seventh child, a son, was also called William Mansfield Jukes - he was baptised on 5 March 1788 - it must be assumed that he also died prematurely. The eighth child, Henry Walter Jukes was baptised on 11 June 1789. James Jukes, the ninth child and seventh son was baptised on 18 May 1790. The tenth child was Alfred Jukes (below). The eleventh child was Edward Jukes who was born about 1799 - he married Phebe Burridge Welch (baptised 21 February 1803), the daughter of James and Elizabeth Welch. They were married on 20 April 1824 at St. Phillip's, Birmingham and they had two children, Joseph Mansfield Jukes, who was baptised 25 October 1827 and James Mansfield Jukes who was born 29 March 1825 and baptised 20 April the same year. His father, John senior died on 10 October 1822 (Obit: Warwick & Warwickshire General Advertiser in October of that year). Frederick Jukes was the last child and eighth son of John and Elizabeth - he was born about 1797 - and he remained single until his death on 12 September 1857 aged 61 years (Medical Times). Frederick was resident surgeon at Birmingham Hospital and an M.R.C.S. (1819) and L.S.A. (1820). He published several articles on fossils. By the mid nineteenth century, members of the Jukes family had clearly shifted their focus from the manufacturing industries to the professions.

Alfred Jukes was born at the family home at Bordesley in Birmingham on 24 September 1792 and he was baptised on 31 October 1792 at the New Meeting House Moor St-Unitarian, Birmingham.(IGI) He married Sarah Meredith, daughter of James Meredith (above). She was born on 7 April 1799 and baptised on the 28 April of the same year. They were married on 7 April 1725 in the St. Martin parish, Birmingham. They probably met through their common interests within the dissenting churches. They had three children, Sarah Elizabeth Jukes, born about 1826, Alfred Meredith Jukes, born about 1828 and Joseph Hordern Jukes, born about 1835. The 1841 Census collection reported that Alfred was living at 17 New Hall St Birmingham and he was described as a surgeon.

On the verso of the above portrait of Alfred (above), there is a label attached to the portrait frame which was placed there in more recent times by a descendent of Alfred Jukes, now living in Western Australia:

Alfred Jukes was killed in a fall on the stairs while attending a patient, at age 45. Son of John and Elizabeth Jukes – married Sarah Meredith of Birmingham, 7 April 1825.”

The inscription is a little inaccurate. Alfred Jukes was not killed at age 45, as he was alive at the time of the 1841 Census and was then 49 years of age. It is possible that his descendant has confused his death with that of his son, Alfred Meredith Jukes, who died aged 45 in Australia after an illness. However, by the time of the 1851 Census, Sarah his wife was described as a widow and was living with her brother, Joseph Meredith. Alfred actually died on 9 October 1844 at his home at 17 New Hall Street, Birmingham at age 52. The cause of death was described on the death certificate as a 'lumbar abscess'. presumably, the abscess resulted from the fall he sustained 'while 'attending a patient'. However, it was reported in The Admission Register of the Manchester School that he died 'after a long and painful illness, aggravated, if not caused, by injury received whilst dressing a very bad case of a patient at the hospital.' The latter may be a sentimental Victorian variation on the facts.

The following booklet was published by Alfred Jukes:

A Case of Carcinomatous Stricture of the Rectum”. By Alfred Jukes, surgeon to the General Hospital, Birmingham. With plates. Quarto. Churchill, London, 1842. 24 pp..

Alfred Jukes was included in a roll of the Royal College of Surgeons of England as a Fellow in 1844.

According to records in the UK National Archives, Alfred's daughter, Sarah Elizabeth Jukes, had a love affair with Andrew Crombie Ramsay ca. 1849, who later became President of the Geological Society. In 1859, she married Charles Harris Allen F.R.C.S. It was Charles' second marriage. He had one daughter from that marriage. He and Sarah went on to have four more children, Beatrice, born in 1860, Charles Mansfield, born in 1862, who died aged 10 in 1872, Bernard Meredith, born in 1864 and Alfred Jukes, also born in 1862, who died tragically by drowning in 1916.

Alfred's son, Alfred Meredith Jukes, migrated to Warnambool, Victoria, Australia. It was reported in the London Morning Chronicle that on the 29th of December, 1853, at St. Peter's Church, Collingwood, Victoria, Alfred Meredith Jukes, Esq., solicitor, of Melbourne, eldest son of the late Alfred Jukes, Esq., surgeon, of Birmingham was married to Margaret Strathern, niece of Mrs. A. D. Thomson, of Grosvenor-street, Grosvenor-square, and Belvedere, Tunbridge-wells. However, another report at the time confirmed the date of the marriage at St. Peter's Church, Melbourne, Registered by the Revd. H.L.P. Handfield; but it would seem that he was married to Margaret McWilliam of Glasgow (aged 20), living in Collingwood, Victoria, daughter of John McWilliam, a weaver and Amelia Thomson. This requires some further research. He died aged 45 on the 13th August 1873 after a long illness in his 45th year. His death certificate stated that he died from some kind of brain disease (not specified).

Joseph Hordern Jukes graduated from Wadham college, Oxford University. He became a clergyman and remained unmarried. His death, when aged 68, occurred on 14 Mar 1903 at 8 Park-Crescent, Oxford, and was announced in The Times on Monday, Mar 16, 1903. He was Assistant Curate of Abingdon at the time. He had been the Hon. Secretary of the Palladian Lodge of Freemasons.

Alfred Jukes' sister, Elizabeth Jukes, married Clement Ingleby, a solicitor, and they had two children. Clement became well-respected because of his work in connection with the construction of canals and railways at that time.The first child, born in 1820, was Elizabeth Anne. Elizabeth married Jeremiah Finch Smith who was the first Rector of Aldridge after it was made a separate Parish from Barr in 1849. They had one daughter. The second child of Elizabeth and Clement born in 1823 was Clement Mansfield Ingleby who was later described as a literary scholar and member of the Athenaeum Club. Clement Mansfield was educated at home but entered Trinity College at Cambridge when he was twenty, becoming B.A., M.A., and LL.D. in 1859. He commenced his working life as a solicitor in his father's law firm in Birmingham, but he was more interested in metaphysics, English lierature and mathematics. Clement met and married Sarah Oakes in 1850 and they had four children. Clement had a serious rheumatic attack in 1886 and died soon after.

Alfred Jukes' brother, John Jukes, married Sophia Beete. Sophia's father was Joseph Beete who owned the sugar estate 'Best' with its coffee-growing annexe 'Phoenix' and was involved in the establishment of the first Anglican church in Guyana. John died prematurely on 24 April 1819. John died intestate. His wife Sophia had to seek Letters of Administration of her deceased husband's estate and effects. His estate, before deducting debts, was less than £2000. The Application was sworn on 14 July, 1819. It was stated on the document that he died on the 14 June, 1819. Administration was granted on 6 October, 1819.Sophia was only 32 years old when her husband John died, leaving her with a son aged 8, and 3 daughters aged 4, 2 and 3 months. Her daughter Caroline Amelia recounts that she:

“[having a son and] three daughters to support on very slender means, and having been herself highly educated, commenced a school for young ladies in the neighbouring town of Wolverhampton. In a few years she left it for the pleasant village of Penn in that vicinity, where she lived for ten years, greatly respected and beloved by all her pupils. The house being then required for other purposes, she removed to the village of Pattingham, six miles on the Shropshire side of Wolverhampton.”

John and Sophia's son was Joseph Beete Jukes. Joseph was born at Summer Hill, Birmingham on 10 October 1811. He was educated at Wolverhampton and King Edward's School, Birmingham, he studied geology under Professor Sedgwick at Cambridge and obtained his his degree in 1836. His interest in geology was imparted to Joseph by his aunt, Jane Jukes. In 1839-40 Jukes was geological surveyor of Newfoundland and his Excursions In and About Newfoundland During the Years 1839 and 1840 was a summary of this expedition. In 1842 he accepted the post of naturalist in the expedition in H.M.S. Fly under the command of Captain Francis Blackwood and his book Narrative of the Surveying Voyage of H.M.S. Fly chronicles this survey. He spent several more years on further geological expeditions and published accounts of them from time to time. Joseph was a firm friend of the late Adam Sedgewick, Edward Forbes, Murchison, Huxley, Tyndall, and other men of science at that time. Joseph married Georgina Augusta Meredith, his cousin, and daughter of John Meredith the varnish manufacturer, in September 1849. In 1850 Joseph Beete Jukes became director of the Irish geological survey and held this position until a fall from a horse resulted in his death in Dublin on 29 July 1869.

John and Sophia's daughter, Caroline Amelia Jukes was born in 1819. Caroline was a friend of Louisa Anne Meredith, who played an important part in the early history of Tasmania. Caroline married Alfred Hall Browne, a solicitor in 1843. Caroline and Alfred had two children Alfred John Jukes-Browne, born in April 1851 and Frederick Mansfield Browne, born in 1853. Caroline died in Torquay, Devon in 1900.

Their son Alfred John Jukes-Browne (a name he adopted when he was 21 years of age) was an invertebrate palaeontologist, stratigrapher and natural historian. He attended Cholmondeley School, Highgate and graduated from St. John's College, Cambridge. He was a member of the staff of the Geological Survey from 1874 to 1883 where he assisted in the mapping of parts of Suffolk, Cambridge, Rutland, and Lincoln. He then developed a monograph on the British Upper Cretaceous rocks which required surveying areas of Cretaceous deposits in counties to the north, west and southwest of London. He was in Barbados during the winter of 1888–89 and he later contributed to publications on the geology of Barbados by Professor J. B. Harrison. He retired from geological survey work in 1902 due to poor health. He was a member of the Royal Geological Society and he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1909. His antiquarian collection was donated to the Pitt Rivers Museum in Oxford in 1928. Alfred worked on some of the same geological surveys as his uncle Joseph Beete Jukes. Alfred married Emma Jessie Smith in 1881 and they had two children. Emma died prematurely at the time of the birth of their second child in 1892. Alfred John died 16 August 1914.

Another younger brother of Alfred also died prematurely. His name was Joseph Jukes. Joseph was born 17 November, 1783. He died some time before May, 1820. Like his brother John, he also died intestate, although he had very little property at the time of his death - only a few hundred pounds. IT was Alfred who applied for Letters of Administration of his brothers estate and effects.

For more information on the Jukes family go to Keith Winter's site.

Painting of Alfred Jukes signed "Spencer 1835"

Image size, excluding the frame 24" x 29" - oil on canvas

Painting of James Meredith

Image size, excluding the frame 24" x 29" - oil on canvas

Meredith of Herefordshire

Courtesy of Keith Winters

Latest Compilation - 25 September 2010

If anyone has any more information about the Meredith or Jukes families, please EMail me

James Meredith

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