Jane Austen - Comments Concerning the Paget Family
“Usually Jane Austen was interested in the adulterous scandals of her acquaintances and enjoyed passing on gossip to her sister. With one family she knew, adultery occurred so often as to become "normal" family behavior, and Jane Austen started to find it all rather a bore. This was the Paget family. Sir Charles Paget was a naval officer who knew Charles Austen well and who recommended Charles's promotion to the command of the Indian. Probably Sir Charles spoke to Jane's brother about the sexual peccadilloes of his relations and the news was subsequently passed on to Jane. Perhaps she heard via the newspapers or local gossip. There was certainly enough scandal about the Pagets over the years to fill several gossip columns. The first Paget scandal was when Sir Charles' brother Henry, first Marquis of Anglesey, left his wife and eight children to elope adulterously in 1808 with Lady Charlotte Wellesley, sister-in-law to the Duke of Wellington. The ensuing scandal was enormous. Both Henry's and Charlotte's marriages were terminated by divorce, leaving the couple free to marry each other, but Paget was first forced by a court to pay 24,000 [pounds sterling] in damages to Henry Wellesley, Charlotte's husband, and fight a duel with Charlotte's brother, Captain Cadogan. Caroline, Henry Paget's divorced wife, then married her adulterous lover the Duke of Argyll. Another brother--Sir Arthur Paget--seduced the married Lady Boringdon in 1808 and married her alter the divorce was finalized, just in time to legitimize the birth of their child.Lady Caroline Paget (Henry Paget's eldest daughter by his first marriage) had become engaged to the Earl of March. Normally this event would have interested Jane Austen, but she could only see the likelihood that family history would repeat itself again. "What can be expected from a Paget, born & brought up in the centre of conjugal Infidelity & Divorces?" she asked Cassandra. "I will Not be interested about Lady Caroline. I abhor all the race of Pagets" (13 March 1817; Tucker 162, 171-73).”
Jane Austen, Obstinate Heart: A Biography By Valerie Grosvenor Myer - p. 46
During Jane's lifetime, divorce was rare and consequently newsworthy. Just before she died Jane wrote to her niece Fanny Knight, 'If I were the Duchess of Richmond, I should be very miserable about my son's choice. What can be extected from a Paget, born and brought up in the centre of conjugal infidelity and divorces? I will not be interested about Lady Caroline. I abhor all the race of Pagets.' (Letter dated March 13, 1817)
The Actual Letter from Jane Austen
Chawton: Thursday (March 13).
AS to making any adequate return for such a letter as yours, my dearest Fanny, it is absolutely impossible. If I were to labour at it all the rest of my life, and live to the age of Methuselah, I could never accomplish anything so long and so perfect; but I cannot let William go without a few lines of acknowledgment and reply.
I have pretty well done with Mr. ---. By your description, he cannot be in love with you, however he may try at it; and I could not wish the match unless there were a great deal of love on his side. I do not know what to do about Jemima Branfill. What does her dancing away with so much spirit mean? That she does not care for him, or only wishes to appear not to care for him? Who can understand a young lady?
Poor Mrs. C. Milles, that she should die on the wrong day at last, after being about it so long! It was unlucky that the Goodnestone party could not meet you, and I hope her friendly, obliging, social spirit, which delighted in drawing people together, was not conscious of the division and disappointment she was occasioning. I am sorry and surprised that you speak of her as having little to leave, and must feel for Miss Milles, though she is Molly, if a material loss of income is to attend her other loss. Single women have a dreadful propensity for being poor, which is one very strong argument in favour of matrimony, but I need not dwell on such arguments with you, pretty dear [words omitted in Brabourne edition: "you do not want inclination"].
To you I shall say, as I have often said before, Do not be in a hurry, the right man will come at last; you will in the course of the next two or three years meet with somebody more generally unexceptionable than anyone you have yet known, who will love you as warmly as possible, and who will so completely attach you that you will feel you never really loved before. [Words omitted in Brabourne edition: "And then, by not beginning the business of mothering quite so early in life, you will be young in Constitution, spirits, figure, & countenance, while Mrs. Wm. Hammond is growing old by confinements and nursing."]
Do none of the A.'s ever come to balls now? You have never mentioned them as being at any. And what do you hear of the Gipps, or of Fanny and her husband? [Words omitted in Brabourne edition: "Mrs. F. A. is to be confined the middle of April, and is by no means remarkably large for her."]
Aunt Cassandra walked to Wyards yesterday with Mrs. Digweed. Anna has had a bad cold, and looks pale. She has just weaned Julia.
I have also heard lately from your Aunt Harriot, and cannot understand their plans in parting with Miss S., whom she seems very much to value now that Harriot and Eleanor are both of an age for a governess to be so useful to, especially as, when Caroline was sent to school some years, Miss Bell was still retained, though the others even then were nursery children. They have some good reason, I dare say, though I cannot penetrate it, and till I know what it is I shall invent a bad one, and amuse myself with accounting for the difference of measures by supposing Miss S. to be a superior sort of woman, who has never stooped to recommend herself to the master of the family by flattery, as Miss Bell did.
I will answer your kind questions more than you expect. "Miss Catherine" is put upon the shelf for the present, and I do not know that she will ever come out; but I have a something ready for publication, which may, perhaps, appear about a twelvemonth hence. It is short -- about the length of "Catherine." This is for yourself alone. Neither Mr. Salusbury nor Mr. Wildman is to know of it.
I am got tolerably well again, quite equal to walking about and enjoying the air, and by sitting down and resting a good while between my walks, I get exercise enough. I have a scheme, however, for accomplishing more, as the weather grows spring-like. I mean to take to riding the donkey; it will be more independent and less troublesome than the use of the carriage, and I shall be able to go about with Aunt Cassandra in her walks to Alton and Wyards.
I hope you will think Wm. looking well; he was bilious the other day, and At. Cass. supplied him with a dose at his own request. I am sure you would have approved it. Wm. and I are the best of friends. I love him very much. Everything is so natural about him -- his affections, his manners, and his drollery. He entertains and interests us extremely.
Mat. Hammond and A. M. Shaw are people whom I cannot care for, in themselves, but I enter into their situation, and am glad they are so happy. If I were the Duchess of Richmond, I should be very miserable about my son's choice. [Words omitted in Brabourne edition: "What can be expected from a Paget, born and brought up in the centre of conjugal infidelity and divorces? I will not be interested about Lady Caroline. I abhor all the race of Pagets."]
Our fears increase for poor little Harriot; the latest account is that Sir Ev. Home is confirmed in his opinion of there being water on the brain. I hope Heaven, in its mercy, will take her soon. Her poor father will be quite worn out by his feelings for her; he cannot spare Cassy at present, she is an occupation and a comfort to him.
[Words omitted in Brabourne edition: "Adieu my drearest Fanny. Nothing could be more delicious than your letter, and the assurance of your feeling relieved by writing it made the pleasure perfect. But how could it possibly be any new idea to you that you have a great deal of imagination? You are all over imagination. The most astonishing part of your character is that with so much imagination, so much flight of mind, such unbounded fancies, you should have such excellent judgement in what you do! Religious principle I fancy must explain it. Well, good bye and God bless you.
Yours very affectionately,