Charles de Chanval Pellier
- Born: 1874 - About
- Marriage (1): Winifred Elizabeth Harris Pitts on 9 Sep 1896 in Chivelstone, Devon
- Marriage (2): Dorothy Hatton 1926 - Third Quarter in Newton Abbot
- Died: 13 Jun 1946 at age 72
The 1881 Census reported that Charles was living with his parents at Roseville House, (15?) Roseville Street, St Helier, Jersey, in the Channel Islands. Charles attended Victoria College, Jersey.
By the time of the 1891 census, Charles was in Hampshire at Cliff House School, Southbourne on Sea, Christchurch, where he was a boarder.
In 1892 he was admitted to Clare College, Cambridge (founded in 1326). Charles graduated with his BA in 1895, and his MA in 1899.
By the 31st March 1901, the time of the census, Charles and Winifred were living in Hampstead at Flat 13, 2 Marlborough Mansions, Cannon Hill, in north-west London (this was the address reported in the Oxford and Cambridge Year Book). Charles was reported to have been living on own means, but he was in fact pursuing his practical medical studies at St Barts Hospital whilst working towards his degree in medicine. He obtained that degree at Clare College, Cambridge. It was announced in "University Intelligence" - Cambridge, May 8 1901 - "Third Examination for Medical and Surgical Degrees, Easter Term, 1901 - Part 1 - Examined and Approved - C. de C. Pellier, M.A., Cla. He qualified as a surgeon with a B. Chir. in 1902.
Charles was reported in the 1911 Census as living in Newton Abbot, Devonshire with his wife Winifred and daughter, Leonore (aged 5).
He became a District Health Officer for Newton Abbot Council. He was working as a district sanitation and health official at Abbotskerswell, when he left to enlist in the army. He joined the RAMC, and, as a medic was immediately promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 30 January 1915 - this was published in the London Gazette on 17 February 1915. He was later promoted to the rank of Captain. He resigned his commission in March 1919.
After the war, Charles and his family moved to Teignmouth.
During the war, He worked on a Hospital Ship called the Salta between Gallipoli and Malta, and wrote an article on dysentery (Enteric Fever) for Barts' house journal. (See Below)
After his return to England the family moved to Teignmouth. He died on 13 June 1946 in Teignmouth. He left just over £54,000 in his will.
The Pellier family is said to be a Huguenot family from Normandy that settled in Jersey in the early 1700s. The family is extinct in the Island but there are descendants through the female line in both the UK and South Africa.
When Charles was a minor, his mother, who was also his guardian, sold Tesson Mill in Jersey which he had inherited from his father William who had inherited it from his father Philippe. Tesson Mill was owned by the Pellier family between 1835 and 1895. It was purchased (piece meal) by Phillippe Pellier and was inherited by his son William in 1863 and by the latter's son, Charles de Chanval on William's death in 1892. Charles de Chanval was the only surviving son of William Pellier and Mary Margaret Pellier Nee Hughs and he had three sisters.
Charles's only child by his marriage to Winifred, Leonore, married the son of a Naval Engineer, Eric Burner, who was in the colonial service - they married in the Gold Coast. She seems to have been an amateur tennis player in her youth in local Devon tournaments.
Charles married again in 1926 to a Dorothy Hatton. Charles and Dorothy had at least one child, a son (unknown). There is a granddaughter or granddaughter by marriage to their grandson. Her name is Elizabeth de Chanval Pellier.
His first cousin Edward Pellier Johnson also served in WWI (a Temporary Captain on the Special List in 1915) but he had previously resigned his Commission from the 9th Lancers late in the 19th century.
The Jersey Archive shows that there is a report of a "meeting of the officers of the North Regiment to consider the conduct of Captain Pellier 15/5/1818" This "Captain Pellier" was Charles de Chanval's great grandfather Daniel Pellier who appears to have got into trouble for appearing to refuse to agree seconds for a duel.
The article written by Charles de Chanval Pellier in 1915:
A SEVERE CASE OF DYSENTERY (Abridged.)
The British Journal of Nursing - December 18, 1915
The care of cases of dysentery rarely comes within the scope of nurses working in temperate regions, and many of those nursing our sailors and soldiers in Egypt, Malta, on hospital ships, and elsewhere, as well as the less acute cases at home, are caring for patients suffering from this disease for the first time. The following record of a severe case of dysentery treated with antidysenteric serum (Lister's), contributed by Lieut. C. de Chanval Pellier, R. A. M. C., H.M.H.S. "' Salta," in the St. Bartholomew's Hospital Journal, is therefore of considerable interest.
Lieut. Chanval Pellier writes:-
"The case described below is one of severe dysentery, similar to many others to be seen on every trip which our hospital ships make from Gallipoli, but I have selected this case to write a few notes on because it is so very typical of the disease as we see it out here.
Private E-, æt. 20; R.A.M.C., admitted to this ship on October 21st as a stretcher case. Attached to him was a label stating that he had dysentery, that temperature was 102° F., and that he had been given emetine, gr. ?.
On admission the patient was very blue, cold, and collapsed, and was treated at once with hot bottles, blankets, and a hot drink. He gradually became warmer and less collapsed, but his pulse still continued to be very weak.
On the morning of the 22nd he presented the typical picture of a severe case of dysentery, and the stools were very frequent, and consisted of blood and slime.
I gave him a hypodermic injection of ? emetine, gr. ss+liq. strychnine m iv. In the evening I again gave him an injection of ? emetine, gr. ss, followed later by morph., gr. ¼, administered hypodermically.
The stools now contained much less blood, and were of a green colour.
October, 23rd.- The patient had obviously lost ground. The pulse was very weak and uncountable, the breathing gasping and irregular, and he was unable to move himself in the bed. He looked thoroughly toxic.
I gave him 20 c.c. of Lister's antidysenteric serum at 10 a.m., and, as his pulse was very bad, at 2 p.m. strychnine, gr. 1/40. There, was some improvement in his pulse after this was injected.
The patient remained in a profoundly collapsed condition for the next twenty-four hours, passing urine and fæces unconsciously, and it became increasingly difficult to get him to take nourishment.
October 24th.- The morning temperature was 97.4° F., but the stools, though still passed unconsciously, contained less blood.
In the evening of the 24th the patient's temperature rose to 100.2° F., and from this time his condition gradually improved.
With regard to the further treatment of this case, the patient was given morphia, gr. ¼, each evening to relieve his pain and to obtain sleep.
The feeding of the patient from October 22nd to 26th consisted of small quantities of albumin water, egg-flip, jelly, brandy, and champagne, given every two hours.
On the 27th I placed him on a milk diet, but still continued the stimulants.
The patient was landed at the base on the afternoon of October 28th, and though he still had a good deal of diarrhœa, he was. steadily gaining strength, and his general condition appeared to be improving."
After describing his routine method of treatment, the writer adds:
"In severe cases I give morphia hypodermically (gr. ¼ to gr. ½) as required to relieve the pain, tenesmus, and strangury.
I am convinced that the morphia should be given early, and not as a last resource, when the patient is broken down and the heart is failing.
The effect of a single injection of morphia is very prolonged, and there is no need to repeat the dose until the pain returns with severity.
Other points to be observed in the treatment of these cases are:
(I) That they require all the fresh air that can be given them, and that they bear cold much better than a close, stuffy atmosphere.
(2) The necessity for scrupulous cleanliness - a very difficult task, especially when the patients are passing their stools involuntarily; the vitality of their tissues is so much lowered that they develop bedsores very readily. Packing is essential in these cases.
With regard to the feeding of these patients, one would naturally like to start these cases on a fresh milk diet-an absolutely impossible thing ; so one is driven back on to working with as suitable a light diet as resources will allow-i.e., tinned milk, cereals, egg-flip, broths, with albumin water for the worst cases. Tea and cocoa are not well borne by them, but small doses of brandy and champagne can often be retained when it is impossible to get the-patient to take anything else, and, as the disease is usually of short duration in its acute stage there can be no objection to the moderate use of stimulants.
Hot-water bottles are of great use, both to relieve pain and to combat the cold, collapsed condition.”
Charles married Winifred Elizabeth Harris Pitts, daughter of Thomas Harris Pitts and Mary Andrews, on 9 Sep 1896 in Chivelstone, Devon. (Winifred Elizabeth Harris Pitts was born on 2 Dec 1874 in South Allington House, Chivelstone, Devon and died on 1 Apr 1921 in "Highleigh" Teignmouth.)
Charles next married Dorothy Hatton 1926 - Third Quarter in Newton Abbot.