James Maitland - Seventh Earl of Lauderdale
- Born: 23 Jan 1718
- Marriage: Mary Turner Lombe on 24 Apr 1749
- Died: 17 Aug 1789 at age 71
The Times, Wednesday, Aug 26, 1789; pg. 4; Issue 1240; col B
Earl of Lauderdale
The late Right Hon. James Maitland, Earl of Lauderdale, Viscount Maitland, Lord Thirlestane, Musselburgh and Bolton, Heritable Royal Standard-bearer of Scotland, Baronet of Nova Scotia, and formerly Lord Lieutenant and High Sheriff of the county of Edinburgh, and one of the Lords of Police, was the oldest of eight sons of Charles sixth Earl of Lauderdale by the Lady Elizabeth Ogilvie, daughter of James, Earl of Findlater and Seafield, the last Chancellor of Scotland. He was born in the year 1718, succeeded his father in 1744, and was one of the sixteen representatives of the Scottish Peerage in the tenth and eleventh Parliaments of Great Britain, and again elected, July 24th, 1782, during the course of the fifteenth Parliament. He served early in the army, rose to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, and had the command of the 16th regiment of foot, which he held for several years; but resigned in consequence of a partiality discovered in the promotion of a junior officer. In 1749 he married Mary Turner Lombe, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Lombe, of the county of Kent; and whose lamented death happened on the 18th of last month.
His Lordship is succeeded in honours and estates by his eldest son James Lord Viscount Maitland, Member for Malmesbury, now Earl of Lauderdale.
The Maitlands are a very ancient family in Scotland-Sir Richard Maitland was a considerable Baron and great favourite of Alexander III. Six of this noble family have been Senators of the College of Justice. Sir William Maitland of Leithington was Secretary to Queen Mary, and intrusted with her most important affairs. His son rose to be Lord High Chancellor of Scotland, and was dignified with the honour of Peerage by the title of Lord Thirlestane. The next Lord was created Earl of Lauderdale, and was Lord President of the Council. His son followed the fortune of Charles I and II and was nine years confined in the Tower of London; on the Restoration, he was created Duke of Lauderdale and a Peer of England, and enjoyed many high offices of State. The late Lord's father was President of the Court of Police and General of the Mint.
The family have possessed the lands of Thirlestane, in Lauderdale, about 600 years.
James married Mary Turner Lombe, daughter of Sir Thomas Lombe and Unknown, on 24 Apr 1749. (Mary Turner Lombe died on 20 Jul 1789.)