Captain Thomas Garth R.N. - of Haines Hill
- Marriage: Charlotte Maitland on 18 Apr 1820 in St. George's, Hanover Square
- Died: Nov 1841, Leamington
Captain Thomas Garth RN was a Napoleonic era British Naval Commander. Garth whose family seat was Haines Hill in Berkshire was the son of Charles Garth MP for Devizes and the government agent for South Carolina, Georgia and Maryland. He was also nephew to General Thomas Garth, Colonel of the first dragoons and Principal Equerry to George III.
Garth became a naval Commander on 3 March 1804 and was given the command of the 38 gun frigate HMS Imperieuse with which he subsequently sailed in an expedition against Antwerp. After the reduction of Flushing, Garth was engaged in various operations on the river Scheldt.
On 16 August 1809, whilst again in command of the Impérieuse, Garth in ascending the Scheldt after the other frigates, entered by mistake the Terneuse, instead of the Baerlandt channel, and became in consequence exposed to the fire of the Terneuse battery (located in Terneuzen, The Netherlands). In returning that fire, the frigate discharged from her carronades some Shrapnel shells; one of which, bursting near the magazine of the fort, containing 3000 barrels of powder, and a great quantity of cartridges, caused an explosion that killed 75 men. The battery fired no more, and the Impérieuse passed on.
In the spring of 1810, Garth was put under the orders of Sir George Cockburn who had been sent to Quiberon Bay to work with Baron De Kolli who was trying to arrange the release of Ferdinand VII of Spain who was being held at Valençay. Garth commanded the 22 gun HMS Cossack and the 32 gun HMS Cerberus and successfully captured various armed ships and merchant men in the Mediterranean.
Garth married in 1820, Charlotte Maitland, daughter of General Frederick Maitland. They had two daughters one of whom, Charlotte Harriet Garth married Philip William Godsal of Iscoyd Park in Shropshire. Garth was grandfather of Philip Thomas Godsal the author and inventor of the Godsal anti-tank rifle. His second daughter, Selina, married Mr Frederick Lewis Scrymgeour Wedderburn. His only son, Thomas Colleton Garth, was the founder of the Garth Hunt in Berkshire.
Captain Garth died at Leamington in November 1841.
The Courier (Hobart, Tas.) Wednesday 29 November 1848
Civil List Pensions.--The following is an official list of pensions granted between the 20th day of June, 1847 and the 20th day of June, 1848, and charged upon the Civil List........................Catherine Worsam Maitland, £50, widow of General Frederick Maitland; in consideration of his distinguished military services; in trust to Captain Frederick Thomas Maitland and Mr. Thomas Cotherton Garth.
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh, Scotland), Thursday, April 27, 1820; Issue 15390.
At Hanover Square, London, on the 18th curt. Captain Garth, of the Royal Navy, to Charlotte, eldest daughter of Lieut.-General Frederick Maitland.
Thomas married Charlotte Maitland, daughter of General Frederick Maitland and Catherine Worsham Prettejohn, on 18 Apr 1820 in St. George's, Hanover Square. (Charlotte Maitland was born in 1799 and died 2 Aug 1868 - aged 70 in Haines Hill, Berks..)